**EXERCISE 1.2**

**1. Express each number as a product of its prime.**

**Factors :(i) 140 (ii) 156 (iii) 3825(iv) 5005 (v) 7429**

**Sol**.

(i) We use the division method as shown below :

: – 140 = 2 × 2 × 5 x 7

=x5x7

**(ii) We use the division method as shown below:**

: – 156 = 2 x 2 × 3 × 13

= x 3 × 13

**(iii) We use the division method as shown below: **

=> 3825 = 3 × 3 × 5 × 5 × 17 = 32 × 52 x 17

## (iv) We use the division method as shown below:

=> 5005 = 5 × 7 x 11 × 13

**(V) We use the division method as shown below: **

=> 7429 = 17 × 19 × 23

**2. Find the LCM and HCF of the following pairs of integers and verify that LCM × HCF = product of the two numbers.**

**(i) 28 and 91 (ii) 510 and 92 (iii) 336 and 51**

**Sol**.(i) 26 and 91

26 = 2 × 13 and 91 = 7 × 13

=> LCM of 26 and 91 = 2 × 7 × 13 =182

And HCF of 26 and 91 = 13

Now, 182 x 13 = 2366 and 26 x 91 = 2366

182 x 13 = 26 × 91

Hence verified.

**(ii) 510 and 92**

510 = 2 × 3 × 5 × 17 and 92 = 2 × 2 × 23

=> LCM of 510 and 92 = 2 × 2 × 3 × 5 × 17 × 23 = 23460

and HCF of 510 and 92 = 2

Now, 23460 x 2 = 46920 and 510 x 92 = 46920

=> 23460 × 2 = 510 × 92

Hence verified.

### (iii) 336 and 54

336 = 2×2×2×2×3×7

and 54 = 2 × 3 × 3 × 3

.. LCM of 336 and 54 = 2×2 x2x2x3x3x3x7

= 3024

and HCF of 336 and 54 = 2 × 3 = 6

Now, 3024 × 6 = 18144

and 336 x 54 = 18144

3024 × 6 = 336 × 54

Hence verified.

**3. Find the LCM and HCF of the following integers by applying the prime factorisation method :**

**(i) 12, 15 and 21 (ii) 17, 23 and 29 (iii) 8, 9 and 25**

**Sol.**

(i) First we write the prime factorisation of each of the given numbers.

12 = 2x2x3 = 3×2^{2}x3, 15=3×5

and. 21 = 3 x7

LCM =2^{2}x 3 × 5 x 7 = 420

and, HCF = 3

(ii) First we write the prime factorisation of each of the given numbers.

17 = 17, 23 = 23 and 29 = 29

LCM = 17 x 23 x 29 = 11339

and, HCF = 1

(iii) First we write the prime factorisation of each of the given numbers.

8 = 2×2 x2 =2^{2} , 9 = 3 × 3 = 3^{2},

25 = 5 × 5 =5^{2}

LCM = 2^{3} x 3^{2} x 5^{2} = 8 × 9 × 25 = 1800

and, HCF = 1

**4. Given that HCF (306, 657) = 9, find LCM (306, 657).**

**Sol**. We know that the product of the HCF and the LCM of two numbers is equal to the product of the given numbers.

**5. Check whether **6^{n}** can end with the digit 0 for any natural number ***n.*

*n.*

**Sol**. If the number 6^{n} , for any n, ends with the digit zero, then it is divisible by 5. That is, the prime factorisation of 6^{n} contains the prime 5. This is not possible as the only prime in the factorisation of 6^{n} is 2 and 3 and the uniqueness of the Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic guarantees that there are no other primes in the factorisation of 6^{n} .

**6. Explain why 7 x 11 x 18 + 18 and 7 × 6 x 5 x 4 x**

8 × 2 x 1 + 5 are composite numbers.

8 × 2 x 1 + 5 are composite numbers.

**Sol**. Since, 7 × 11 × 13 + 13 = 13 × (7 × 11 x 1 + 1)

= 13 x (77 + 1)

= 13 × 78

= It is a composite number.

Again, 7×6×5×4×3×1×1+5

=5х (7×6×4×3x1x1+ 1)

It is a composite number.

**7. There is a circular path around a sports field.Sonia takes 18 minutes to drive one round of the field, while Ravi takes 12 minutes for the same.Suppose they both start at the same point and at the same time, and go in the same direction. After how many minutes will they again at the starting point ?**

**Sol.** To final the LCM of 18 and 12, we have

18 =2 × 3 x 3 and 12 = 2 x2 x 3

LCM of 18 and 12 = 2 x 2 × 3 × 3 = 36 So, Sonia and Ravi will meet again at the starting point after 36 minutes.